Inherent Rights: "When any society says that I cannot marry a certain person, that society has cut off a segment of my freedom." Reverend Martin Luther King Jr, c. 1958

The US Supreme Court, in their Majority Opinion on Loving v. Virginia authored by Chief Justice Earl Warren, declared, citing the Court's previous ruling on Hirabayashi v. United States, that "[d]istinctions between citizens solely because of their ancestry" as being "odious to a free people whose institutions are founded upon the doctrine of equality...Indeed, two members of this Court [via precedents] have already stated that they cannot conceive of a valid legislative purpose...which makes the color of a person's skin the test of whether his conduct is a criminal offense."