Flashback
A look back at this day in film history
July 29
October 8, 1971
The French Connection opens

The night The French Connection opened in the fall of 1971, the director William Friedkin was on the phone with 20th Century-Fox hearing the good news. The gritty crime film he made for $1.8 million was going to be a hit. The movie ultimately made $26.3 million domestically and went on be nominated for eight Oscars, winning five, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor (Gene Hackman). Having previously made a play-based film, Friedkin was worried about being pigeonholed as an art director, and wanted to establish himself as a old-time movie maker. Based on a non-fiction book by Robin Moore, The French Connection covered the real-world heroin trade between Marseilles and New York, with Gene Hackman and Roy Schneider playing two NYC detectives. But the film is less remembered for its plot as for its gritty, neo-realist look at New York City cops. Hackman’s “Popeye” Doyle was a far cry from the heroic cops of traditional police procedurals. (Interestingly, Friedkin had wanted Paul Newman, Jackie Gleason, and Jimmy Breslin before Hackman for the role.) In addition, the free-wheeling hand-held camera style (that would be a mainstay for film and television decades later) and frenzied cutting created a raw energy that caught many viewers off guard. In the New York Times, Roger Greenspun commented on the film’s frantic energy, writing, “It moves at magnificent speed, and exhausts itself in movement.” For its famous train chase, where a detective follows an elevated train through the streets below, Friedkin later confided he edited the sequence to Santana's "Black Magic Woman," so while the music is not there, the rhythm is.


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William Powell July 29, 1892
William Powell born

While William Powell would grow up to play characters with inestimable charm and finesse, his early days in Pittsburg and then Kansas City suggested little of his future urbanity.

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July 29, 1921
Chris Marker born

Or maybe it was July 28. Nearly every biographical fact about the avant-garde French filmmaker Chris Marker has been questioned at one time or the other. Born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve, Marker had for years claimed to have been born in Mongolia.

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29 July 1921
Chris Marker is born (maybe)

On this day in Ulan Bator, Mongolia, Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve (aka Chris Marker) was born.

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