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Vanessa Redgrave won the Academy Award and the Golden Globe Award, as well as awards from the Los Angeles Film Critics Association and the Kansas City Film Critics Circle, for her performance in the title role of Julia (directed by Fred Zinnemann and adapted by Alvin Sargent from Lillian Hellman's novel of the same name).
She has received five additional Academy Award nominations and eleven additional Golden Globe Award nominations, as well as been honored with a second Golden Globe Award win for her performance in the telefilm If These Walls Could Talk 2 (for the segment written and directed by Jane Anderson). The latter performance also earned her an Emmy Award. She had previously won an Emmy Award for her portrayal of Holocaust survivor Fania Fénelon in Playing for Time (directed by Daniel Mann and adapted from Ms. Fénelon's autobiography), and has been nominated for an Emmy three additional times.
The London native trained for eight years at the Ballet Rambert School and later graduated from the Central School of Speech and Drama. She made her U.K. stage debut with her father Michael Redgrave in A Touch of the Sun, in January 1958. In July 1961, she joined the Royal Shakespeare Company. Her theater work has since encompassed starring roles in The Cherry Orchard, Lady Windermere's Fan, Daniel Deronda, The Threepenny Opera, Design for Living, and The Lady from the Sea, among many other plays across the U.K. and the U.S. She produced and co-directed a staging of the newly discovered Tennessee Williams play Not About Nightingales at The National Theatre; and starred opposite Eileen Atkins in the latter's play Vita and Virginia.
In 2003, Ms. Redgrave won a Tony Award for her performance in the Robert Falls-directed Broadway revival of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night.In 2007, she starred on Broadway in The Year of Magical Thinking, written by Joan Didion and directed by David Hare, and was again a Tony Award nominee.
She previously starred for the latter director in his film Wetherby, for which she was honored by the National Society of Film Critics with their Best Actress award. Her other films include Fred Zinnemann's A Man for All Seasons; Michelangelo Antonioni's Blowup; Karel Reisz' Isadora (for which she won Best Actress awards at the Cannes International Film Festival and from the National Society of Film Critics); Sidney Lumet's Murder on the Orient Express; Michael Apted's Agatha; Merchant Ivory's The Bostonians (for which she was cited as Best Actress by the National Society of Film Critics); Stephen Frears' Prick Up Your Ears (for which she was named Best Supporting Actress by the New York Film Critics Circle); Simon Callow's The Ballad of the Sad CafÃ©; Marleen Gorris' Mrs. Dalloway (adapted from the Virginia Woolf novel by Eileen Atkins); her son Carlo Nero's The Fever; and Roger Michell's Venus. Ms. Redgrave was most recently seen on-screen in Lajos Koltai's Evening (also for Focus Features), in which she starred alongside Eileen Atkins, Toni Collette, Meryl Streep, and her daughter Natasha Richardson.
Evening marked the second film in which she has starred opposite Natasha Richardson, following Merchant Ivory's The White Countess. Ms. Redgrave has also starred opposite her daughter Joely Richardson, most recently in several episodes of the latter's hit television series Nip/Tuck.